Friday, July 30, 2010

PASSIVE VOICE

El tiempo "Present" de la voz pasiva responde a la pregunta:
"What is done?" = ¿Qué se hace? o "What is being done?" = ¿Qué se está haciendo?

1. Present
The car is washed
The car is being washed

2. Present perfect
The car has been washed
The car has been being washed

3. Past
The car was washed
The car was being washed

4. Past perfect
The car had been washed
The car had been being washed

5. Future
The car will be washed
The car will be being washed

6. Future perfect
The car will have been washed
The car will have been being washed

7. Future (going to)
The car is going to be washed
The car is going to be being washed

8. Future perfect (going to)
The car is going to have been washed
The car is going to have been being washed

9. Future in past
The car was going to be washed
The car was going to be being washed

10. Future perfect in past
The car was going to have been washed
The car was going to have been being washed

11. Conditional
The car would be washed
The car would be being washed

12. Conditional perfect
The car would have been washed
The car would have been being washed

13. Modals
The car (can, could, ...) be washed
The car (can, could, ...) be being washed

14. Modals + have
The car (can, could, ...) have been washed
The car (can, ...) have been being washed


Tenses - Continuous Tenses
What is done? - ¿Qué se hace?

A house is built.
Se construye una casa / Una casa es construida
This room is cleaned every week.
Este cuarto es limpiado (se limpia) todas las semanas.
English is spoken in many countries.
El inglés es hablado (se habla) en muchos países.
Jane is not supposed to be home at this time.
No se supone que Jane deba estar en casa a esta hora.
The sidewalks in this quarter are not swept up every day.
Las aceras en este barrio no son barridas (no se barren) todos los días.
That girl is said to possess supernatural powers
Se dice que esa niña posee poderes supernaturales
Is baseball played in South Africa?
¿Se juega al béibol en Sudáfrica?
These kids are given an hour to do the test.
Se les dá estos niños una hora para hacer la prueba.
People are asked to dial 911 only in case of an emergency.
A la gente le piden marcar el 911 sólo en caso de una emergencia.

What is being done? - ¿Qué se está haciendo?

A house is being built.
Se está construyendo una casa / Una casa está siendo construida
New condominiums are being built in the southern part of town.
Los nuevos condominios están siendo construidos (se están construyendo) en la parte del sur de la ciudad.
A welcome dinner for the guests is being prepared right now.
Una cena de bienvenida para los invitados está siendo preparada (se está preparando) ahora mismo.

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