Thursday, February 14, 2013

MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS-2



Modals - English Grammar

1) can
Use
Examples
ability to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be able to)
I can speak English.
permission to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be allowed to)
Can I go to the cinema?
request
Can you wait a moment, please?
offer
I can lend you my car till tomorrow.
suggestion
Can we visit Grandma at the weekend?
possibility
It can get very hot in Arizona.
2) could
Use
Examples
ability to do sth. in the past (substitute form: to be able to)
I could speak English.
permission to do sth. in the past (substitute form: to be allowed to)
I could go to the cinema.
polite question *
Could I go to the cinema, please?
polite request *
Could you wait a moment, please?
polite offer *
I could lend you my car till tomorrow.
polite suggestion *
Could we visit Grandma at the weekend?
possibility *
It could get very hot in Montana.
3) may
Use
Examples
possibility
It may rain today.
permission to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be allowed to)
May I go to the cinema?
polite suggestion
May I help you?
4) might
Use
Examples
possibility (less possible than may) *
It might rain today.
hesitant offer *
Might I help you?
5) must
Use
Examples
force, necessity
I must go to the supermarket today.
possibility
You must be tired.
advice, recommendation
You must see the new film with Brad Pitt.
6) must not/may not
Use
Examples
prohibition
You mustn't work on dad's computer.
You
may not work on dad's computer.
7) need not
Use
Examples
not necessary
I needn't go to the supermarket, we're going to the restaurant tonight.
8) ought to
Use
Examples
advice
You ought to drive carefully in bad weather.
obligation
You ought to switch off the light when you leave the room.
9) shall
1.    instead of will in the 1st person
Use
Examples
suggestion
Shall I carry your bag?
10) should
Use
Examples
advice
You should drive carefully in bad weather.
obligation
You should switch off the light when you leave the room.
11) will
Use
Examples
wish, request, demand, order (less polite than would)
Will you please shut the door?
prediction, assumption
I think it will rain on Friday.
promise
I will stop smoking.
spontaneous decision
Can somebody drive me to the station? - I will.
habits
She's strange, she'll sit for hours without talking.
12) would
Use
Examples
wish, request (more polite than will)
Would you shut the door, please?
habits in the past
Sometimes he would bring me some flowers.

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